tirsdag 12. mars 2013


Fra EIAs januar rapport:
CCS is a necessity for a world hooked on fossil fuels

IEA lists 2013 priorities to re-energise deployment of carbon capture and storage

1 January 2013:
Despite all the attention given to renewable energy, fossil fuels still produce about four-fifths of the energy consumed worldwide. And there is only one way to burn fossil fuels without adding more CO2 to the atmosphere: carbon capture and storage (CCS). But high cost and simultaneous lack of incentive policies are delaying deployment of CCS, leading the International Energy Agency to renew its calls for action in 2013 and beyond on this critical element to limiting climate change.

Fossil fuels met 81% of total energy demand as of 2009, as well as 85% of the increase in global energy demand in the past ten years. Such use of oil, coal and gas is irreconcilable with limiting CO2 emissions enough to keep average global temperature rise to only 2 degrees. In the ambitious IEA 2-degree scenario, or 2DS, fossil fuel use is reduced by 20% in 2050 from current levels but would still provide 45% of the world’s primary energy demand. But much of the emissions from that remaining use of fossil fuels must be captured and stored. The recently launched World Energy Outlook 2012 also shows that without significant deployment of CCS, more than two-thirds of current proven fossil-fuel reserves cannot be commercialised in a 2-degree world before 2050.

“For the IEA, carbon capture and storage is not a substitute, but a necessary addition to other low-carbon energy technologies and energy efficiency improvements,” Juho Lipponen, head of the IEA Carbon Capture and Storage Technology Unit, recently told the 11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies in Kyoto, Japan. He added, “Fossil-fuel CCS is particularly important in a world that currently shows absolutely no sign of scaling down its fossil fuel consumption.”

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